The Regional Group on Risks, Emergencies and Disasters for Latin America and the Caribbean (REDLAC) is a regional coordination platform for disaster preparedness and response, which emerged as a way to stimulate joint understanding and analysis and rapprochement from the regional level at the global level and at the national level.
Since 2018, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) has led the fulfillment of this objective, through the production of periodic bulletins on the panorama of violence, displacement and protection. The analysis is based on semi-structured interviews with more than 100 humanitarian organizations and academic institutions working in Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador and Mexico, as well as a monitoring of official statistics, press, studies of academic institutions and civil society.
Children and adolescents in a situation of human mobility in the North of Central America, Mexico and Panama
Children and adolescents (NNA) represent one of the main profiles that make up migratory flows globally. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child defines a boy or girl as "any human being under 18 years of age." In this sense, migrant children represented up to 12% of the total migrant population internationally in 2019. According to the latest data available for 2020, in Latin America 15% of the migrant population is under 18 years of age.
The relevance and visibility of this migratory flow has increased in the last decade as a consequence of the migratory policies agreed between the countries of the region. The forced displacement of children and adolescents from the countries of Northern Central America are the result of the confluence of multidimensional factors: high levels of violence and insecurity, lack of economic opportunities, absence of inclusive policies and the impact of natural hazards and the climate change and the disasters that are often caused by various unaddressed vulnerabilities. Family reunification with relatives living in the United States and expectations for a better life are elements that also influence the initiation of displacement. The main protection risks to which this population profile is exposed are, among some, sexual violence based on gender and human trafficking for the purposes of sexual and labor exploitation.